Author Joe Quirk takes a tour through modern psychology and brain science to come up with some of the latest thinking on cognition. Here are some of the claims he makes:
Your memories are fiction.
Your memories can be selectively erased.
Reason is never the reason you do things.
You're the worst judge of yourself.
You don't know why you like or dislike people.
A highly thought-provoking read can be found here.